In this tutorial you will learn how to read from XML files in your Actionscript 3.0 programs, specifically in the context of a quiz program.  XML is a file type that is versatile in its application and implementation.  Basically, an XML file is a tree.  Here is an example. [XML file]  This is a list of strings, a simple document.  Each string is contained in a node of type STRING with an attribute of DATUM, which is the individual string (i.e. godfather – unicycle).

This program tests the users ability to read American Sign Language fingerspelling. There are two modes in this program; the default mode allows a user to input a word and view that word spelled out via fingerspelling. The second mode is a quiz mode that tests a user on how well he or she can read a word fingerspelled.

This first section imports the necessary library functions and then establishes the interface with the Sprites and textfields.

    import flash.display.*;
    import flash.text.*;
    import flash.ui.*;
    import flash.utils.*;
    public class Fingerspeller extends Sprite
        public function Fingerspeller()
            var background:Sprite = new makeRectangle(0x000000, 30, 10, 330, 250);
            //Speed label
            var speedLabel:TextField = makeLabel(285, 58, 33, 15, 0x333ccc, "Speed");
            //Scorekeeper correct & incorrect textboxes
            var numCorrect:TextField = makeLabel(34, 200, 60, 18, 0x333ccc, "Correct: ");
            var numWrong:TextField = makeLabel(34, 220, 60, 18, 0x333ccc, "Incorrect: ");
            //Quiz toggle button
            var quiz:TextField = makeLabel(285, 200, 60, 15, 0x333ccc, "Quiz Me");
               quiz.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, quizListener);
            //Exit Quiz toggle button
            var exitQuiz:TextField = new makeLabel(285, 220, 60, 15, 0x333ccc, "Exit Quiz");
              exitQuiz.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, exitQuizListener);
            //repeat button
            var repeat:TextField = new makeLabel(285, 180, 60, 15, 0x333ccc, "Repeat");
            repeat.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, repeatListener);
            //create the display rectangle for images/movies
            var rect:Sprite = makeRectangle(0xff00ff, 100, 50, 175, 131);
            //add the rectangle to the stage
            //rectangle to which buttons are added
            var rect2:Sprite = makeRectangle(0x333ccc, 285, 75, 35, 70);
            //add the rectangle to the stage
            //slow button
            var button1:Sprite = makeRectangle(0x00ffff, 287, 77, 30, 15);
            button1.buttonMode = true;
            button1.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, slowSpeed);
            //medium speed button
            var button2:Sprite = makeRectangle(0x00ffff, 287, 98, 30, 15);
            button2.buttonMode = true;
            button2.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, regSpeed);              
            //fast button
            var button3:Sprite = makeRectangle(0x00ffff, 287, 120, 30, 15);
            button3.buttonMode = true;
            button3.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, fastSpeed);
            //textbox for input
            var myText:TextField = makeLabel(130, 200, 100, 18, 0xff00ff, "");
            myText.border = true;
            myText.borderColor = 0x00ff55;
            myText.type = TextFieldType.INPUT;
              //debugging textbox
            var debug:TextField = makeLabel(130, 220, 100, 18, 0xff00ff, "");
               debug.border = true;
            debug.borderColor = 0x00ff55;
              //Instructional textbox
            var instruct:TextField = makeLabel(50, 20, 280, 18, 0xff00ff, "");
             instruct.border = true;
            instruct.borderColor = 0x00ff55;
            //textbox to highlight the selected speed button
            var highlight:TextField = makeLabel(0, 0, 30, 15, 0xff00ff, "");
               highlight.border = true;
            highlight.borderColor = 0x00ff55;

Each of these sections call one of two methods, makeLabel, which creates a new Sprite object, or makeLabel, which creates a new TextField object.  Here is the code for these functions:

//make a rectangular Sprite
            function makeRectangle(color:Number, xPos:int, yPos:int, xSize:int, ySize:int):Sprite
                var toReturn:Sprite = new Sprite();
      , yPos, xSize, ySize);
                return toReturn;
            //make a textbox  
            function makeLabel(xPos:int, yPos:int, width:int, height:int, color:Number, text:String):TextField
                var toReturn:TextField = new TextField();
                toReturn.x = xPos;
                toReturn.y = yPos;
                toReturn.width = width;
                toReturn.height = height;
                toReturn.background = true;
                toReturn.backgroundColor = color;
                toReturn.text = text;
                return toReturn;

This will establish the windows and the interface for the user. The buttons will later have action listeners added to them in later functions.